The decrease in gas consumption has been evident in every calendar month this year. In the third quarter alone, there was an overall decline of more than 11%, equating to a 4% decrease when adjusted for long-term temperature norms.
Warmer weather significantly affected gas consumption in the third quarter, with the average temperature being 1.8 degrees above the long-term norm. The ERÚ notes that energy-efficient measures, implemented by authorities, businesses, and households, have played a crucial role. Stanislav Trávníček, Chairman of the ERÚ Board, highlighted the importance of both energy-efficient measures and systemic changes, such as the transition to alternative fuels and the utilization of self-generated energy sources.
In the third quarter, businesses led the reduction in gas consumption, experiencing a year-on-year decrease of 34.5%. Households followed with a consumption drop of over 28%, while major consumers reduced gas usage by 5.7%.
The most significant drop in consumption occurred in September, with a year-on-year decrease of over 20%. However, this month experienced record warmth, with a temperature deviation of 3.4 degrees from the long-term norm, impacting the start of the heating season.
Throughout the third quarter, changes in European gas flows, influenced by the Russian invasion, continued to have a significant impact on gas transportation through Czech territory. Gas transportation from the Czech Republic to foreign countries plummeted by 85%.
The ERÚ statistics also indicate a decline in electricity consumption, with a 4.8% decrease in the first three quarters of this year. In total, Czechs consumed 42.76 terawatt-hours of electricity during this period.